Bone grafting is a widespread procedure in dentistry and is used in a wide range of scenarios. Anyone who needs a tooth extraction, getting dental implants installed, or suffering from bone loss caused by periodontal disease would get one. Most bone graft teeth treatments are performed by oral surgeons or periodontists. We will explain everything you need to know about the bone grafting procedure and other useful information.
Understanding the Different Types of Bone Graft for Dental Reconstruction
Depending on your condition, you may need to undergo any of the following types of bone graft for dental implant:
1. Bone Graft After Extraction for Socket Preservation
This is also referred to as ridge preservation and is usually done right after you have had a tooth extracted. Removing teeth can leave a void which can cause the socket of your tooth to cave in. A dental bone graft helps fill this void so that the socket remains in its original position for the next implant.
2. Bone Graft Surgery for Sinus Lifting
The back teeth in your upper jaw are just below the maxillary sinuses and if these teeth are missing, then the sinuses can take over their space. Installing implants in this space can lead to sinus membrane penetration. To avoid that, the oral surgeon lifts the sinus up into its proper position and then adds a dental bone graft to provide a solid base for the dental implant process.
3. Periodontal Bone Graft
The erosion caused by periodontal disease to your gums can loosen the support for your teeth. Adding bone grafting material into that space can help solidify the base and support your teeth better.
4. Ridge Augmentation
Bone grafting may also be used to add mass to the jawbone after it becomes thinner from missing teeth. The increase in width from grafting procedures can help new implants sit firmly in their place.
What Happens Before the Dental Bone Graft Process?
Before your oral surgeon can get down to adding dental bone graft material in the affected area, they need to figure out exactly how and where to do it. This requires proper imaging of the area, and you need to undergo CT scans and X-rays. The result is a 3D scan of the area that allows surgeons to figure out how to perform the procedure and what treatment options would suit you best.
The Actual Process of Adding Dental Bone Graft Material
The process of bone graft in the mouth begins by using local anesthesia to numb the area where the bone graft needs to be added. The surgeon will then create an incision in your gums to expose the jawbone which is then thoroughly disinfected and cleaned. The next part involves adding the bone grafting material and you can discuss with your dentist what types of bone graft they offer. Going for synthetic materials is quite common, so you can expect to find that option in most cases. After the bone graft material is added, the area is covered with a membrane for added protection. Finally, the oral surgeon will reposition your gum tissue and close the incision using stitches.
Bone Graft Healing Stages
The initial feeling after getting bone grafting is that of bruising and swelling. You can expect these to go away within a few days of the procedure. Your dentist will most likely prescribe you antibiotics and pain relief medication. Be sure to follow their intake exactly as prescribed by your dentist. Once the healing process is underway, you might also see small bone fragments appearing over the operated area. This is not a cause for alarm; you can also validate it by visiting your dentist for a follow-up. As for the complete healing time for all the dental bone graft healing stages, you can expect it to last anywhere from one to two weeks. Sometimes, the time can be much longer, and complete recovery can even take months. It is all very much dependent on the type of graft used as well as how fast your body can heal itself.
Causes of Concern Bone Graft Teeth Recovery
If you face any of the following symptoms, we recommend that you get in touch with your dentist immediately:
– Pus formation around the grafted area
– An increased level of swelling
– Sudden and severe pain in the mouth
– Catching a high fever that does not go away on its own in a day
Frequently Asked Questions About Bone Graft for Tooth Implant
- Why Does Tooth Loss Cause Bone Loss?
Your jawbones rely on stimulation from your teeth to remain healthy. When a tooth goes missing, that can negatively affect the health of the bone.
- Does Everyone Need a Bone Graft Before Getting Dental Implants?
Not everyone needs to undergo bone grafting for dental implants. It depends entirely on the health of bones, development defects, and disease history.
- What Exactly Is Bone Grafting?
Bone grafting is a procedure that involves transplanting real or synthetic bone material to the jawbones to create a strong foundation for your teeth.
Bone grafting is a key procedure used for improving oral health in several ways. It is essential for anyone who is facing damaged teeth and bones and provides a strong base for implants. Given the commonality of this procedure and its high success rate, you can also expect to see it recommended. For the best results, we recommend contacting a reliable dentist like Sunny Isles Dental. They have plenty of experience in this area and you can get an appointment with them online through their website or by giving them a call.